Open Guard - Tripod Sweep Series (Part 1)
This series will deal with attacking 3 main sweeps from the open guard: "The Tripod Sweep", "The MG Tripod" and "The Sickle Sweep".
The Tripod Sweep:
The MG Tripod
The Sickle Sweep
All of the sweeps require three aspects of control (hence, tripod) that is, control of an ankle, a hooking leg and a posting leg. Controlling the sleeve or wrist is beneficial but not necessary. The Tripod and MG Tripod both use the posting leg on the same side as the ankle control, though the MG Tripod has the posting leg knee inside the opponents controlled leg and looks to elevate the controlled leg, this allows for easier access to some alternate options. The Sickle Sweep differs from the above in that the posting leg is the opposite side of the body from the ankle control. All three sweeps can combo together or be used in isolation.
Before we get into the more advanced transitions, attacks and re counters it is important to grasp some foundational aspects of positional control.
Note that all of the options in this post will be expanded upon in later parts.
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Opponent Circles out of Ankle Grab
A common counter is for the opponent to pummel free from your ankle control by circling their foot towards your body and then away from your body. Because of this you no longer have the required controls to attack the sweep.
Sit On The Foot
A preventative measure is to sit on the opponents foot. This removes the space your opponents leg can travel and prevents them from circling their leg. Note that this example is actually from the De La Riva guard, however the concept is the same.
Pull Yourself Back in With Butterfly Hook or Sleeve Grip if Opponent Steps the Ankle Out of Range
A later counter for when you lose control of the ankle is to use either a butterfly hook or a sleeve grip to pull the opponent back into range.
Opponent Strips Off Posting Leg
The opponent will often attempt to clear off your posting leg to remove your control. They may do this in a number of ways. For example they may use their arms/hands or elbows to push your leg off the hip, move their hips back to move out of range and/or pummel their leg in to clear the grip (as seen in this gif). The opponent may also use a combination of all these methods at once in an attempt to clear away your posting leg.
Staying On Your Side With Sleeve Control
As a preventative measure, staying on your side makes you become more resistant to the opponent clearing off your posted leg. By controlling the sleeve or wrist you also restrict the opponent from using their arm to assist in clearing your posting leg off.
Note that the MG Tripod is also more resistant to the posting leg being cleared as your knee is inside and you have already elevated the opponents controlled leg.
Opponent Controls Hooking Leg
By gripping your hooking leg the opponent is able to deny you the controls required to attack the sweep.
Pummel to Spider/Bicep Control to Clear Grip On Hooking Leg
Pummel your hooking leg on the opponents bicep and kick away to strip the grip, immediately attack with a sweep attempt to prevent your opponent from regripping your leg.
Opponent Stands/Scrambles Up After Sweep
You must adequately control both of the opponents legs once you have swept them otherwise their is nothing prevent the opponent from standing back up. While it is possible you may be able to attack a single leg, it is far easier to control the legs.
Control Both Of The Opponents Legs
Use either your hands to control and grip the opponent, your insteps to lift and control the leg or a combination of the two to prevent the opponent from standing after the sweep. Not only is controlling both legs a good way to prevent the technical stand up, but it puts you in a far better position to pass or attack leg locks.
Opponent Drives In After Sweep
The opponent may also spring up to their knees and drive forwards while low. As this technique is often very quick it can be difficult to prevent.
Short Hook Sweep from Tripod Scramble
A potential counter is to look for butterfly sweeps as the opponent commits to driving back in.